(HealthDay News) — Homemade food should be nutritious and safe. But experts at the foodsafety.org website cite 10 common food-preparation mistakes:
Tasting older food to see if it’s still good. It’s better to be safe and just throw it out.
Putting cooked meat back on a plate that held raw meat. At the very least, the plate should be washed with hot water and soap. Better yet, use a different plate.
Thawing food on the counter.
Washing meat or poultry. This actually may contaminate your sink and counters.
Letting food cool before putting it in the fridge.
Eating raw dough, cookie dough, cake batter or other foods with uncooked eggs or uncooked flour
Marinating meat or seafood on the counter.
Using raw meat marinade on cooked food.
Undercooking meat, poultry, seafood or eggs.
Not washing your hands. When in doubt, wash your hands often and with lots of soapy hot water.
News stories are written and provided by HealthDay and do not reflect federal policy, the views of MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
(HealthDay News) — Athletes are dying from cardiac arrests that occur during play because teammates, coaches and other bystanders don’t know how to best save their lives, a new study claims.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) applied immediately can give these athletes a fighting chance, but onlookers failed to provide CPR in three out of five cases, according to a review of more than two dozen game videos.
Bystanders instead most often tried to keep the athlete from swallowing his or her tongue, acting on the widespread misconception that this must be done to prevent a person in cardiac arrest from asphyxiating, said lead researcher Dana Viskin. She is with the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center and Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University in Israel.
“Athletes, especially professional athletes, are receiving poor CPR because the first responders — that is, their fellow teammates and medical staff — are focusing not only on their airway, but specifically on pulling out their tongue, instead of providing chest compressions and fast defibrillation, which is what these players need,” Viskin said.
While the study focuses on athletes, it likely reveals how onlookers respond to cases of cardiac arrest that occur in average people in the community, said Dr. Peter Kudenchuk. He is a professor of cardiology with the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle.
“Cardiac arrest in athletes occurs, but it’s not very common,” Kudenchuk said. “For the rest of us in the United States, a cardiac arrest occurs about once every minute. Half a million lives each year are jeopardized by cardiac arrest, and that’s just in the U.S.,” he noted.
“Often bystanders wither — doing nothing, not knowing what to do or focusing on the wrong fix,” Kudenchuk continued.
Viskin and her colleagues decided to investigate the issue after discovering a YouTube video showing the 1990 collapse of Loyola Marymount University basketball player Hank Gathers in the middle of an NCAA game.
Gathers, 23, was suffering a cardiac arrest but for two full minutes he received no CPR, the video shows. Shortly afterward, he was pronounced dead at a nearby hospital.
The research team searched Google and YouTube for other videos of athletes collapsing during play. They wound up with 29 videos recorded across the globe between 1990 and 2017, involving sports as varied as basketball, soccer, ice hockey, wrestling and volleyball.
Nearly two-thirds of the videos (65 percent) showed bystanders taking steps to prevent tongue swallowing. These included placing the player on his side or tilting his head sideways, and reaching into the mouth to pull at the tongue and clear the airway.
Only 38 percent of videos showed people performing chest compressions, researchers found. Defibrillators were used in just two cases, and in one of those the first shock did not occur until 10 minutes after the player’s collapse.
These videos reflect outdated standards for responding to a possible cardiac arrest, Viskin said.
In the past, heart experts recommended an “ABC” response to cardiac arrest: airway; breathing; and chest compressions.
But in 2010, the American Heart Association reversed course, updating its guidelines to instead recommend a “CAB” approach that emphasizes chest compressions over concerns regarding airway or breathing.
Average folks performing CPR now are asked to perform about 100 chest compressions per minute, similar to the beat kept by the disco song “Stayin’ Alive,” Kudenchuk said. Only people with CPR training should attempt mouth-to-mouth breathing.
Viskin said she is concerned that the Gathers video — which has received nearly 3 million viewings on YouTube — and other such videos send the wrong message about what should be done during cardiac arrest.
“Tongue swallowing is a myth,” Viskin said. “The media needs to stop emphasizing the wrong move and start focusing on the right one. Only chest compressions and an automatic defibrillator have been shown to significantly improve survival.”
When someone collapses, bystanders should use the “No, No, GO!” method to determine whether they should start chest compressions, Kudenchuk wrote in an editorial accompanying the study.
First, ask two questions:
- Is the person conscious?
- Is the person breathing normally, and not gasping, panting or snoring?
“If the answer to those two questions is ‘No,’ then the smartest and best thing a person can do is start pumping on the chest, because that is a cardiac arrest until proven otherwise,” Kudenchuk said.
While delivering chest compressions, you should shout out to other people nearby to call 911 and to look for an automatic defibrillator, he said. If there’s a defibrillator on hand, follow its instructions to deliver a potentially lifesaving shock to restart the heart.
People shouldn’t worry at all about whether they’re delivering CPR to a person who doesn’t need it, Kudenchuk added.
“What’s the worst thing that can happen? The person wakes up and pushes their rescuer away, and no harm is done,” he said. “Don’t worry about the mouth or anything else. Put your hands in the middle of the chest and start pumping.”
The study was published Sept. 19 in the journal Heart Rhythm.
SOURCES: Dana Viskin, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center and Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University, Israel; Peter Kudenchuk, M.D., professor, cardiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle; Sept. 19, 2017, Heart Rhythm
News stories are written and provided by HealthDay and do not reflect federal policy, the views of MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
(HealthDay News) — Kids who start playing tackle football before age 12 have a higher risk of mental and behavioral problems in adulthood than their counterparts who began playing at older ages, a new study suggests.
Researchers say playing tackle football at a younger age boosted the odds of later problems with behavioral control, apathy, thinking and decision-making by twofold compared to other players.
They also said the risk of clinical depression rose by threefold in these players compared to their counterparts who started playing at older ages.
“These findings were independent of the total number of seasons the participants played football or at what level they played, such as high school, college or professional,” said study lead author Michael Alosco, a post-graduate fellow at Boston University’s Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) Center.
However, these findings don’t confirm that early time on the field actually causes these issues to be more common, only that there’s an association between these factors.
Previous research by center found that former NFL players who started playing football before age 12 “had worse memory and mental flexibility as well as structural brain changes on MRI scans compared to former players who began at age 12 or older,” Alosco said.
He added that other research has suggested that playing just one season of youth football could change the brain in ways that are detectable via MRI scans.
The new study attempted to track the possible effects of youth football into later life. The cutoff of age 12 “was examined because the brain undergoes key periods of brain development during childhood, and several brain structures and functions reach peak development during the period leading up to age 12 in males,” Alosco said.
The study authors asked questions of 214 men who formerly played high school, college or pro football and didn’t play other organized sports.
The participants’ average age was 51, and 90 percent were white. The men had played various positions except quarterback.
Researchers found that 55 percent of the participants who played football before age 12 showed signs of behavioral problems based on one test compared to 43 percent of those who started later.
In terms of depression, two-thirds of those who started before age 12 showed signs of depression compared to a much lower 44 percent of those who started later.
The study didn’t compare these difficulties in football players to men in the general population who didn’t play football at all.
Researchers adjusted their statistics so they wouldn’t be thrown off by high or low numbers of participants who shared certain ages, levels of education, or time spent playing football. They still found a twofold increase in the odds of behavioral and thinking issues and a threefold increase in the odds of depression.
What could be causing this? Alosco points to hits to the head. “However, not all individuals who play tackle football develop these problems,” he said.
The study has limitations. Almost all participants are white, and it’s limited to those who agreed to take part. The researchers don’t consider reasons players may have begun playing football early, and it doesn’t compare the rates of the various mental problems to similar men who never played football.
Steven Rowson, an assistant professor at Virginia Tech who studies concussions in football, said the new study is an “important early look” at the long-term effects of early football playing.
As for advice for parents, Alosco said “more research is needed before we can give any specific recommendations. We definitely need to avoid knee-jerk reactions to a single study.”
However, he said, “research on the effects of football on the brain is now at a point where it cannot be ignored. We then need to consider if it makes sense to drop our children off at a field where they put on a large plastic helmet and face mask, making them a bobblehead, and hit their heads against other players and the ground hundreds of times in a season.”
Rowson put it this way: “Youth football leagues, like Pop Warner, have started restricting contact practice days and eliminating certain drills. Beyond that, there are voices saying kids shouldn’t play tackle football before high school, and these findings seem to make that argument stronger. It is unknown what effects such changes might have in relation to a study like this, but reducing the number of times kids hit their heads playing football is likely a good thing.”
The study appears Sept. 19 in Translational Psychiatry.
SOURCES: Michael Alosco, Ph.D., post-graduate fellow, Boston University CTE Center, Boston University School of Medicine; Steven Rowson, Ph.D., assistant professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Va.; Sept. 19, 2017, Translational Psychiatry
(HealthDay News) — As if those who weathered Hurricanes Irma and Harvey don’t have enough to worry about, one bug expert warns that the standing water left behind is the perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes.
Residents need to drain birdbaths, pots and anything else in their yards that can provide egg-laying sites for the disease-carrying insects.
“No container is too small to empty,” Phil Kaufman, an entomology professor at the University of Florida, said in a university news release.
Mosquito species that lay eggs in standing water in containers include those that transmit Zika, dengue and chikungunya viruses.
Kaufman also recommended using mosquito briquettes to kill immature mosquitoes. The briquettes are available at many stores.
When you go outside to empty containers or do yard cleanup, you should apply insect repellent (preferably with DEET) and wear light-colored clothing, he advised.
Mosquito populations will be high for a few weeks after the hurricane, so you should contact your local mosquito control officials if you have concerns over an infestation in your yard or neighborhood, Kaufman added.
SOURCE: University of Florida, news release, Sept. 15, 2017
Looking for FREE Health Events in Miami-Dade, Broward, & Palm Beach? HTN Magazine, gives you the latest free health events where you can experience a lifestyle of health and wellness without breaking the bank.
Young Professional Entrepreneur’s Public Speaking Club (Toastmasters)
Time: 6:30pm – 8:00pm
Description: Join the Young Professional Entrepreneur’s Public Speaking Club by regularly giving speeches, gaining feedback, leading teams and guiding others to achieve their goals in a supportive atmosphere, leaders emerge from the Toastmasters program. Every Toastmasters journey begins with a single speech. During their journey, they learn to tell their stories. They listen and answer. They plan and lead. They give feedback—and accept it. Through our community of learners, they find their path to leadership.
Description: Take a free hands-on instruction class with a certified CrossFit coach! This course will teach you all of the fundamental movements used here at the gym and will also come with a free week of classes upon completion. The class is held every Monday @ 7:00 – 8:30. No tricks or fees, just free workouts and instruction for those who are new to CrossFit and / or looking to try something new.
Float8 Wellness Lounge Grand Opening
Description: Float8 Wellness Lounge, a brand new multi-tank float center, will open August 22, 2017 Deerfield Beach, FL at 616 SE 10th Street. With four isolation tanks for floatation therapy, it is the first of its kind in South Florida. In addition to offering four private float rooms, Float8 Wellness Lounge has a comfortable relaxation lounge with kombucha and cold brew coffee on tap, tea, and healthy snacks, as well as a meditation room and library for quiet reflection and mind expansion.
FREE Karate Class for Kids – Respect, self-discipline, better grades
Description: FREE Karate life skills class for children ages 4 – 12 whose parents are looking to instill the core values and benefits associated with martial arts training. Take this opportunity to come see our school, speak with instructors and get answers to all your questions.
Team Entrepreneur Toastmasters Club Meeting
Description: Come visit our club every Monday evening as we gather to provide a supportive and positive learning experience in which members are empowered to develop communication and leadership skills, resulting in greater self-confidence and personal growth.
Delray Newsmakers Toastmasters
Description: Come learn how you can improve your public speaking skills, leadership skills, and confidence. Meet fellow life long learners that will help you succeed at work and in life. Visit us as a guest for free. More information is available at our website: http://delraynewsmakers.toastmastersclubs.org/
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Description: As the autism rates continue to climb let’s cast aside fear & emotion while we discuss the cause, the newest research & the real evidence of people reversing symptoms. Come with an open mind as Dr. Davine breaks open autism spectrum disorders, from high functioning Aspergers to severe autism.
Wellington Regional – Prenatal Yoga Class
Description: According to the American Pregnancy Association, prenatal yoga can have many benefits, including reduced stress, improved sleep, increased strength and decreased physical symptoms such as lower back pain, nausea, shortness of breath and headaches.
Join in this heartfelt class that shows you how to safely strengthen your abdominals to maintain good posture during and after pregnancy.
(HealthDay News) — Bone health is literally something you build on throughout your life, not just as a child. And the efforts you put in now will keep bones strong and help prevent the bone-thinning disease osteoporosis later on, as you age.
Most of the 10 million Americans living with osteoporosis are women, but men are at risk, too, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. It weakens bones, leaving them at greater risk of fracture. Here are 4 steps to better bone health for women and men.
First, make sure your diet has calcium, an essential mineral, and vitamin D. These nutrients work in tandem on bone building. Low-fat dairy, such as plain yogurt and milk, is a great calcium source. Also, look for milk that’s been fortified with vitamin D. You can get some D from fatty fish, like tuna and salmon, spending limited time in the sun, and supplements.
Second, eat healthy in general. Magnesium, potassium and vitamins C and K are also important. They’re in many fruits, peppers and leafy green veggies. Get enough protein, but not too much, which could lower your calcium level. Skip soda and limit alcohol, salt and caffeine.
Third, get the types of exercise that support bone health, primarily strength-training and weight-bearing cardio activities — those that are done standing, like walking. Add workouts that help with balance, like yoga and tai chi, to improve posture and prevent falls, the key culprit in broken bones.
Finally, don’t smoke. Smoking decreases all-important bone density.
How not to watch a solar eclipse
Be careful about how you watch a solar eclipse. It is not recommended to view it in the following ways:
Smartphone: Watching a solar eclipse on your smartphone camera can put you at risk of accidentally looking at the sun when trying to line up your camera. It could possibly also damage your smartphone camera. Don’t take the risk.
Camera viewfinder: Never look at a solar eclipse through the optical viewfinder of a camera. It can damage your eyes in the same way as looking directly at it.
Unsafe filters: Unless specifically designed for viewing a solar eclipse, no filter is safe to use with any optical device (telescopes, binoculars, etc). All color film, black-and-white film that contains no silver, photographic negatives with images on them (x-rays and snapshots), smoked glass, sunglasses (single or multiple pairs), photographic neutral density filters and polarizing filters are unsafe filters to watch a solar eclipse. Also, solar filters designed for eyepieces that come with inexpensive telescopes are also unsafe. All of these items can increase your risk of damaging your eyes.
(See original article: https://www.preventblindness.org/solar-eclipse-and-your-eyes)
(HealthDay News) — The overall rate of strokes is declining in the United States, but appears to be going down mostly in men, a new study finds.
“Our findings suggest that the decreases in rates of stroke over time are primarily driven by decreased stroke rates in men,” said lead researcher Dr. Tracy Madsen.
That makes doctors wonder why American women aren’t seeing the same benefits from stroke prevention.
“It may be that stroke prevention strategies are not as effective in women compared with men; for example, future research should investigate the possibility that stroke risk factors like elevated blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes are more severe or are not controlled as well in women,” Madsen said.
Madsen is an assistant professor of emergency medicine at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, in Rhode Island.
“Stroke is a debilitating yet preventable condition, and future efforts should focus on stroke prevention in both women and men, as well as figuring out why rates of stroke in women did not decrease over this time period,” she added.
For the study, Madsen and her colleagues collected data on 1.3 million adults living in southwest Ohio and northern Kentucky between 1993 and 2010.
They looked at hospital, clinic and coroners’ records to identify how many people had a first stroke during four one-year time periods, spaced approximately five years apart.
Among more than 7,700 strokes, 57 percent were women, the researchers said.
The rate of strokes among men went from 263 strokes per 100,000 at the start of the study to 192 per 100,000 at the end of the study.
For women, however, the rate went from 217 strokes per 100,000 in 1993 to 198 per 100,000 in 2010. This is not a statistically significant decline, the researchers said.
“By 2010, the rates of stroke were similar between women and men, which is different from previous data showing that rates of stroke are typically higher in men,” Madsen said.
“We also found that the declining rates of stroke in men are primarily driven by a decrease in ischemic strokes, a specific type of stroke caused by a lack of blood flow to the brain as a result of blocked arteries or clots,” Madsen said.
The rates for hemorrhagic stroke, which is caused by bleeding in the brain, remained stable for both women and men, the study found.
The researchers also noted that women were about four years older than men at the time of their stroke.
Data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that stroke has dropped to the fifth leading cause of death for men, but remains the fourth leading cause of death for women.
A limitation of the study is that information on risk factors for stroke that are unique to or more common in women — such as migraine and the use of hormone replacement therapy — were not collected, the researchers said.
Dr. Richard Libman, vice chair of neurology at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y., called the study results “fascinating and yet disturbing.”
The risk of stroke has historically been lower in women than in men. This has been true, especially for women before menopause. But even after menopause, when women start to catch up in terms of risk, the risk of stroke has been less than that of men, Libman said.
“It’s great news that stroke risk has declined among men, but it’s a mystery why the same decline in risk has not been seen among women,” he said.
One explanation might be that women tend to have atypical symptoms of stroke compared with men. For example, women may be less likely to have weakness or paralysis than men, Libman said.
“This means that women may be less likely to be recognized as having a stroke, which leads to a failure of implementation of appropriate measures to reduce the risk of future stroke,” he said.
This is just one possible explanation, Libman said. “But clearly there is much work to be done in order to ensure that women derive the same benefits from stroke risk reduction as have men,” he said.
The report was published online Aug. 9 in the journal Neurology.
SOURCES: Tracy Madsen, M.D., assistant professor, emergency medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, R.I.; Richard Libman, M.D., vice chair, neurology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, N.Y.; Aug. 9, 2017, Neurology, online
(HealthDay News) — Older women who practice yoga may have greater “thickness” in areas of the brain involved in memory and attention, a small study suggests.
Researchers found that even compared with other healthy, active women their age, yoga practitioners typically had greater cortical thickness in the brain’s left prefrontal cortex.
That could be good news because, as the researchers pointed out, cognitive impairment from aging is usually associated with less volume in cortical areas of the brain associated with attention tasks, and decreases in memory.
But experts said it’s not clear what conclusions can be drawn from the study’s findings.
The findings are based on one-time brain scans of fewer than 50 women — and they do not prove that yoga, itself, altered anyone’s brain structure, according to senior researcher Elisa Kozasa.
The brain differences might have existed before the women ever tried yoga, said Kozasa, a researcher at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
But the study does add to a bigger body of evidence on yoga and brain function, said Dr. Helen Lavretsky, a researcher who was not involved in the work.
“This contributes to the evidence that yoga practice has neuroplastic effects on the brain that may translate into other health benefits — like better mood and cognition,” said Lavretsky, a professor-in-residence of psychiatry at the UCLA Geffen School of Medicine.
“Neuroplasticity” refers to the brain’s ability to reorganize itself and form new connections among cells over the course of a lifetime.
In her own research, Lavretsky has found some evidence that yoga benefits older adults’ brain function.
In a recent pilot study, her team tested the effects of weekly yoga classes among 25 older adults who were showing early signs of memory problems. The participants were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of yoga — which included some movement, breathing practices and meditation — or 12 weeks of “brain games.”
In the end, both groups were doing a little better on standard memory tests, compared with the study’s outset. But the yoga group showed a bigger change.
According to Lavretsky, it’s possible that yoga benefits the brain over time by easing day-to-day stress. Or, she said, yoga practices might have a more direct effect on “brain fitness.”
Kozasa pointed out that yoga involves a “cognitive component,” where practitioners hone their ability to concentrate while consciously holding poses, performing breathing exercises and meditating.
Her team was interested in whether long-time practitioners actually show a difference in their brain structure.
So they performed brain scans of 42 women age 60 and older. Half of the women regularly practiced yoga — for the past 15 years, on average. The rest were healthy and physically active, but did not practice yoga.
Women in both groups also had similarly high education levels.
“Even with those similarities,” Kozasa said, “the yoga group presented a greater cortical thickness in brain regions involved in executive functions such as attention.”
However, there could be other explanations for the findings, Lavretsky said — such as differences in the two groups’ other lifestyle choices, sleep habits, or perceived stress levels.
Kozasa agreed. What’s needed, she said, is a long-term study that charts brain changes in yoga practitioners and non-practitioners over time.
And while some research suggests that yoga boosts memory and attention, it’s not clear whether the practice can curb older adults’ risk of dementia.
“It is too soon to state that yoga can protect your brain against dementia,” Kozasa stressed.
Still, she said, there’s no reason for older adults to delay trying yoga if they are interested.
“If practiced with an experienced instructor, older adults may get benefits from yoga for their mental and physical health,” Kozasa said.
The findings were published online recently in the journal Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.
SOURCES: Elisa Kozasa, Ph.D., researcher, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Helen Lavretsky, M.D., professor-in-residence, psychiatry, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles; June 2017, Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, online
By Susannah Jones
(HealthDay News) — Applying sunscreen on infants aged 6 months and younger isn’t a good idea, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.
Chemicals used in sunscreen can harm newborns, who should avoid the sun altogether. Young babies can’t regulate body temperature properly, making them especially prone to overheating and dehydration, the agency says.
The FDA recommends:
- Keep infants out of the sun as much as possible.
- If infants do go outside, avoid the sun when ultraviolet rays are strongest, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 3 p.m.
- Create a canopy over baby’s carrier or stroller.
- Dress baby in lightweight, tight-weave long pants; a long-sleeve shirt and wide-brimmed hat.
- Watch baby carefully for signs of overheating and dehydration.
- Give baby breast milk or formula regularly.
- If baby develops a sunburn, get out of the sun immediately and apply a cold compress as soon as possible.